Grapefruit is a citrus fruit that has many health benefits, which is proven by numerous studies.
Grapefruit is a rich source of fiber, vitamin C, pectin and potassium and acts as an antioxidant in the body.
The most active grapefruit ingredients:
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin A
- The antioxidant lycopene
- Phytonutrients called limonoids
- Flavonoid called naringenin
- Vitamin B1
- Vitamin B5
- Calories (40 into 128 g)
Grapefruit is consumed in different forms and usually different parts are used. Below are some of the uses of grapefruit:
- Grapefruit juice
- Extract of grapefruit seeds
- The essential oil of grapefruit
Where is it grown
Grapefruit was discovered in the 18th century, in Barbados to be precise. In the early 19th century, grapefruit trees were planted in Florida, but only later in the 19th century Grapefruit has become commercially viable crop. Today, Florida is the largest producer of grapefruit, as well as Texas, Arizona and California. Brazil, Israel and South Africa are other countries that produce grapefruit for commercial purposes.
Grapefruit has many health benefits:
Fights against colds
Grapefruit is packed with vitamin C, which helps the immune system fight off the common cold and other symptoms associated with colds.
Many inflammatory conditions can be prevented with vitamin C, such as asthma, rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, because vitamin C prevents free radicals that cause inflammation.
Another great benefit of vitamin C is that it helps with cardiovascular health, therefore grapefruit may also help to prevent a stroke or heart attack.
A study published in the Journal of Agriculture and Food Industry, in March 2006, showed that grapefruit can reduce the level of bad cholesterol (LDL) and triglycerides.
Prostate, lung and colon cancer
Studies have shown that fruits rich in lycopene (like grapefruit) can reduce the chances of developing prostate cancer. Studies have also shown that drinking green tea has similar benefits. Another study in America showed that grapefruit provides protection against lung cancer and colon cancer.
It was proved that a long-term consumption of these juices can provide significant protection from Alzheimer’s disease because it controls the development of the disease.
University of Glasgow assessed 13 popular and commercially available fruit juices. Grapefruit is ranked with the highest antioxidant activity.
Journal of nutritional biochemistry (February, 2006) published a laboratory study that claims that naringenin, a flavonoid in grapefruit, restores damaged DNA in cancer cells found in the prostate.
Prevents kidney stones
British Journal of Nutrition published a study according to which drinking about half a liter of grapefruit juice, oranges and apples every day reduces the chances of forming kidney stones or calcium oxalate stones by increasing the citric acid and pH value.
Grape seed extract can be used for water disinfection because it kills bacteria. Safe drinking water is essential and this is the biggest problem in developed countries, such as finding a suitable and safe water for agriculture. That is why the grapefruit is cheap, easy and efficient.
The essential oil of grapefruit
Grapefruit essential oil is used in soaps and cosmetics industry because it gives pleasant odor. Its refreshing oil helps with digestion, strengthens the immune system, cleanses the lymph system and reduces water retention and helps with skin problems. It also acts as a tonic for the nervous system and relieves muscle stiffness.
Grapefruit interactions with other food and drugs can be serious so make sure to tell your doctor before you start to consume it on regular basis and if you use any other medicine while consuming grapefruit.