What do you think of first when you see the vineyard? A basket full of juicy berries? Raisins? Must? All this has the same meaning: health!
Grapes are one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world. The culture of growing grapes originates from the area of Asia Minor, Transcaucasia, Mesopotamia, 9000 years ago. There is data which says that ancient Egyptians were growing grapes 6,000 years ago. Today there are about 8000 types of grapes.
The grapes have crunchy texture and sweet or bitter taste. Grape clusters ripen during the summer and, with its juicy, sweet or sour fruits, offer plenty of nutrients, vitamins and minerals required by our body.
The wealth of nutrients
Grapes are an awesome source of vitamins C and B (with the exception of B12 vitamin), which are important for the exchange of carbohydrates and have a highly positive impact on the nervous system.
Grapes also contain minerals, such as, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, manganese, sodium, potassium, calcium and iron. Grape juice is rich in vitamins A, B and C.
One hundred grams of fresh grapes contain only 69 calories, 0.16 grams of fat, 0.72 grams of protein, 18.10 grams of carbohydrates, 15.48 grams of grape sugar and 0.9 grams of dietary fiber.
Health benefits of grapes
Grapes are rich in polyphenols which are the natural substances that are used to protect blood vessels and heart. Polyphenols from grapes are powerful antioxidants and protect the body from premature aging and various diseases.
Consumption of grapes improves blood flow, improves heart function, prevents the appearance of cholesterol and reduces the risk of stroke and heart attack.
Contain iron and copper – the minerals that are important for the formation of red blood cells and for the synthesis of hemoglobin. It is therefore recommended for people with anemia and for those who are recovering from surgery or injury.
This fruit normalizes bowel functioning and kidneys. Sugar acquired from grapes enters the bloodstream extremely rapidly, and that is why the consumption of grapes is great when you have high physical and mental activity.
Contain anthocyanin, a pigment from the group of plants called phenols, which operates similarly to lycopene found in tomatoes – as a strong antioxidant. It boosts immunity, improves digestion and regulates bowel movement.
Antioxidants from black grapes can protect you from the devastating impact of free radicals, stop the blood clotting, lower bad cholesterol, and reduce the risk of stroke and cancer.
From the conducted studies we know that red grapes are significantly increasing the levels of melatonin, a hormone which is necessary for good sleeping.
Contain up to 20 percent of sugar, and are rich in potassium and calcium, but compared to the black grapes, it is poor in phenols.
Positive effects of grapes:
- purifies the body
- preserves the health of the heart and blood vessels
- promotes weight loss
- prevents inflammation
- improves metabolism
- improves digestion and regulates bowel movement
- improves memory and concentration
- helps in fighting against arthritis and rheumatism
- protects from different types of cancer
- it’s good for kidneys and lungs
- prevents the formation of kidney stones
- helps with bronchitis and cough
- slows down aging
- improves sleep